Are We Morally Obligated To Obey An Unjust Law?

When a law is unjust it is right to disobey?

Quotation: “If a law is unjust, a man is not only right to disobey it, he is obligated to do so.”.

Is an unjust law truly a law?

An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put it in the terms of St. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Any law that uplifts human personality is just.

What is the difference between moral and legal obligation?

According to the traditional picture of the relationship between legal and moral obligation, the grounds of moral obligation consist in facts about the intentional states of agents, while legal obligation is grounded on coercive institutional facts, which are external to the agents’ intentionality.

What are some examples of moral obligation?

For example, one may have a moral obligation to help a friend, to support a parent in old age, or to minimally respect another’s autonomy as a moral agent. We can succeed in meeting, or fail to fulfil, our moral obligations.

What is an example of an unjust law today?

There are many unjust laws around the world, the most obvious being those that discriminate between the rights given to different groups. In the United States, the most egregious examples tend to be on a state rather than on a federal level. Examples include laws denying equal treatment to homosexuals.

Who said an unjust law is no law at all?

Martin Luther King Jr.Lex iniusta non est lex (English: An unjust law is no law at all), is a standard legal maxim. Originating with St. Augustine, the motto was used by St. Thomas Aquinas and quoted by Martin Luther King Jr.

What is the moral law?

: a general rule of right living especially : such a rule or group of rules conceived as universal and unchanging and as having the sanction of God’s will, of conscience, of man’s moral nature, or of natural justice as revealed to human reason the basic protection of rights is the moral law based on man’s dignity — …

What is our moral obligation to the law?

MORAL OBLIGATION. A duty which one owes, and which he ought to perform, but which he is not legally bound to fulfill. … Those founded on a natural right; as, the obligation to be charitable, which can never be enforced by law. 2d.

Why does Socrates argue that we should obey the law?

Socrates speaks on behalf of the laws and argues that he must obey, even if this means he will be put to death, and even if he was unjustly sentenced in the first place. … Without the laws, he would not even exist. Socrates claims that to harm the state would be a greater crime than harming one’s parents.

What should a citizen do about an unjust law?

What should a citizen do about an unjust law? “If it is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of an injustice to another, then, I say, break the law.” “If one honest man… ceasing to hold slaves, were actually to withdraw from this copartnership…it would be the abolition of slavery in America.”

Is there an obligation to obey the law?

But a legalistic view that has proponents is the one that states that there is a prima facie legal obligation to obey the law because the law is the law and it ought to be obeyed except in circumstances where the law permits disobedience. In either case, it is a legal duty to obey political authority that we have.