Quick Answer: Do Commas Go Before And?

How many commas is too many?

There’s never too many commas as long as you use them correctly.

It may not sound as nice, but you theoretically could use as many commas in a sentence as you want..

Does a comma mean a pause?

Rule of thumb: a comma indicates a pause in speech. If you pause at some place, insert a comma to mark the pause.

What are the 4 types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.

WHEN TO USE A or an?

Use “a” before words that start with a consonant sound and “an” before words that start with a vowel sound. Other letters can also be pronounced either way. Just remember it is the sound that governs whether you use “a” or “an,” not the actual first letter of the word.

Do simple sentences have commas?

Simple sentences A simple sentence contains only one independent clause and no dependent clauses. … With a simple sentence, however, the general rule is to omit the comma. Rule: Do not use a comma before a coordinating conjunction if the sentence contains only one independent clause.

What is the Oxford comma rule?

The Oxford (or serial) comma is the final comma in a list of things. For example: Please bring me a pencil, eraser, and notebook. The Oxford comma comes right after eraser. Use of the Oxford comma is stylistic, meaning that some style guides demand its use while others don’t.

How do you use commas in a series?

One use of the comma is to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses in a list or series. Commas go after each item except the last. Note: In British usage, there is no comma before the conjunction (such as and or or) before the last item in the series.

Which is or that is?

The clause that comes after the word “which” or “that” is the determining factor in deciding which one to use. If the clause is absolutely pertinent to the meaning of the sentence, you use “that.” If you could drop the clause and leave the meaning of the sentence intact, use “which.”

Do complex sentences need commas?

Complex sentences are sentences that have two clauses. There can be two independent clauses (each having a subject and predicate), or an independent clause and dependent clause (missing a subject or predicate). … A comma is placed right before the conjunction in this type of complex sentence.

When listing Do you use a comma?

So the rules are clear: Use a listing comma in a list wherever you could conceivably use the word and (or or) instead. Do not use a listing comma anywhere else. Put a listing comma before and or or only if this is necessary to make your meaning clear.

Where do you put commas?

Comma UseUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

What are the 3 comma rules?

COMMA RULE #3 – THE COMMA IN A COMPOUND SENTENCE: Use a comma before and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet to join two independent clauses that form a compound sentence.

Is the Oxford comma optional?

The Oxford comma has been around for centuries, but is entirely optional: the rules of punctuation do not demand its use.

Should I put a comma before the last item in a list?

An Oxford Comma is a comma used before the last list item in a list of three or more items. When there are three or more list items, then those following “US convention” should use a comma (often called an Oxford Comma) with the conjunction (usually “and” or “or”).

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

1. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.

How do you use commas in a list?

When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma. Amongst editors this final comma in a list is known as the “Oxford Comma”.

What are the three options for when to use a comma in a series?

Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

How many commas do you need for 3 words?

Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item.

Is it correct to use a comma after Happy birthday?

Because you’re addressing a person directly, there should be a comma between the greeting and the person’s name. Correct: Happy Birthday, Mary! … Even if your wishes are less than festive, you still want your comma use to be on point.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

8 Simple Comma Rules — Remember Them Like Your Own BirthdayONE: Let’s start simple. … TWO: Continuing with simple, you put a comma between a city and a state or country. … THREE: You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. … FOUR: Hopefully you know this one by now. … FIVE: … SIX: … SEVEN: … EIGHT: