Quick Answer: What Is First Information Report In CRPC?

Who can file a complaint under CrPC?

A victim or the person who has knowledge about the commission of a crime can file a complaint under Section 200 in the Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

The Magistrate who takes the cognisance of an offence upon complaint examines the complainant and the witness, if any, upon oath..

How many types of fir are there?

two kindsThere are two kinds of FIRs as per Criminal Procedure Code. The duly signed FIR under Section 154(1) is by the informant to the concerned officer at the police station.

What is the next step after Fir?

As for the police, once the FIR is registered, they have to investigate the case, record statements of all witnesses, and file a final report. If the police conclude that there is no basis for the complaint or no evidence available to prosecute the case, further action is dropped.

Who files a charge sheet in the court?

On the basis of the investigation, the police are required to form an opinion. If the police think that the evidence points to the guilty of the accused person, then they file a chargesheet in the court. It is not the job of a police to decide whether a person is guilty or innocent, that is for the judge to decide.

What does fir stand for?

First Information ReportFIRAcronymDefinitionFIRFirst Information ReportFIRFederal Inspection Report (US FEMA)FIRFast InfraredFIRFor Immediate Release56 more rows

How long is an FIR valid?

FIR will remain valid and it does not lapse with time. On completion of investigation, police has to file either a charge sheet or a closure report in the court under Section 173 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Till that time, the investigation is considered to be ongoing and validly being done.

How do I find my first information report?

Steps to Download Copy of FIR from Karnataka Police WebsiteStep 1: Visit the website of Karnataka Police https://www.ksp.gov.in/index.aspx. … Step 2: Chose Preferred language from Right Corner of menu. … Step 3: Click on FIR Search Button. … Step 4: Enter required information.More items…

What is meant by charge sheet?

A charge sheet is a final report prepared by the investigation or law enforcement agencies for proving the accusation of a crime in a criminal court of law.

What is FIR and its procedure?

An FIR (First Information Report) is the earliest form and the first information of a cognizable offence recorded by an officer-in-charge of a police station. … The information given to the Police Officer for registration of a case must be authentic and bona fide.

What is the format of fir?

Brief description of offence (with section) and of property carried off, if any. 4. Place of occurence and distance and direction from the Police Station. 5.Name & Address of the Criminal.

Can FIR be closed by police?

Answer: On completion of the investigation in an FIR, police is required to submit a report to the Magistrate under Section 173 of the Criminal Procedure Code (Cr. P.C.). … Therefore, if the police has closed the investigation in your FIR, they would be filing a closure report before the Magistrate.

What is First Information Report and its evidentiary value?

The reason for which the FIR is regarded as an important piece of evidence is- because of its nature that it is the first information of the cognizance of any offence, and it can be of very important nature as it will help in the initiation of investigation about the offences. …

What is the process after filing FIR?

Once an FIR has been filed the police are legally bound to start investigating the case. The process of investigation includes, but is not limited to, collecting evidence, questioning witnesses, inspecting the crime scene, forensic testing, recording statements and so on.

What is a zero FIR?

Zero FIR is a FIR lodged in any police station irrespective of the location of incidence or jurisdiction. The FIR is later transferred to the jurisdictional police station.

What is complaint explain?

The code of criminal procedure defines the term ‘complaint’ as any allegation made orally or in writing to a Magistrate. It’s done with a view to his taking action under this Code, that some person, whether known or unknown, has committed an offence, but does not include a police report.

Where a FIR is given by the accused the same can be used?

# FIR—a public document:- FIR is a public document prepared u/s-154 of Cr. P.C. A certified copy of an FIR can be given in evidence. A copy of the FIR can be given to the accused only under the order of the court after the court has taken cognizance of the case and not before.

What is meant by First Information Report?

First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. … It is generally a complaint lodged with the police by the victim of a cognizable offence or by someone on his/her behalf.

What is the importance of charge sheet?

The purpose of a charge-sheet is to notify a person of criminal charges being issued against them. That person then becomes known as the ‘accused’ or the ‘defendant’. The charge-sheet also acts as the official commencement of criminal proceedings.

How do you prepare a charge sheet?

The Procedure follows as(1) Complaint lodged against the Government Officials. … (2) Carrying out Preliminary Inquiry. … (3) Show Cause Notice to Official. … (4) Response against Show Cause Notice. … (5) Serving of Charge Sheet. … (6) Response to the Charge-sheet. … (7) Scrutiny of Response of Official.More items…•

Can FIR be used as evidence?

FIR cannot be admissible as evidence before a court of law in a trial. It can be used only to discredit the maker of the FIR by contradicting him. It can be used for corroborating any statement made by the maker of the FIR in a court during the trial.

What is the difference between complaint and FIR?

The main point of difference between a first information report and a police complaint is that an FIR relates to a cognizable offense whereas a police complaint can be filed for both cognizable and non-cognizable class Aof offenses. … Whereas the FIR is usually in a pre-defined format.