What Is The Doctrine Of Promissory Estoppel And When Does It Apply?

What is estoppel in simple terms?

Estoppel is a legal principle that prevents someone from arguing something or asserting a right that contradicts what they previously said or agreed to by law.

It is meant to prevent people from being unjustly wronged by the inconsistencies of another person’s words or actions..

What are the elements of estoppel?

Therefore, the elements of equitable estoppel are: (1) representation as to a material fact that is contrary to a later-asserted position; (2) reliance on that representation; and (3) a change in position detrimental to the party claiming estoppel that is caused by the representation and reliance thereon.

What is an example of estoppel?

Collateral estoppel prevents a party to a lawsuit from raising a fact or issue which was already decided against him in another lawsuit. For example, if Donna obtained a paternity judgment against Leroy and then sued him for child support, Leroy would be collaterally estopped from claiming he isn’t the father.

Is promissory estoppel a defense?

Affirmative Defenses that can be asserted against a claim of promissory estoppel include: 1) existence of a contract (express or implied) between the parties; 2) lack of a clear and unequivocal promise; 3) lack of reasonable detrimental reliance; 4) lack of injustice that can only be avoided if the promise is enforced.

What are the requirements of promissory estoppel?

Requirements of a Promissory EstoppelPromisor made a significant promise to cause the promisee to act on it. … Promisee relied on the promise. … Promisee suffered significant damage by relying on the promise. … Fulfillment of the promise is the only way the promisee can be compensated.

Does promissory estoppel require a contract?

The Law – Promissory Estoppel/Equitable Estoppel: Promissory estoppel does not create a contract where none existed before, but only prevents a party from insisting upon their strict legal rights when it would be unjust to allow it to enforce them.

Can you sue for promissory estoppel?

The general rule is that broken promises, by themselves, are not actionable in court. However, there is a little-known exception: promissory estoppel. In the absence of a contract or agreement, which requires benefit to both sides (referred to as consideration), the law is generally unavailable to enforce a promise.

What is the doctrine of promissory estoppel?

Promissory estoppel is the legal principle that a promise is enforceable by law, even if made without formal consideration when a promisor has made a promise to a promisee who then relies on that promise to his subsequent detriment.

Why is promissory estoppel important?

Promissory estoppel plays an important role in American contract law to hold parties accountable and ensure equity, even in the absence of consideration. It is a critical tool that courts can use to avoid injustice when the general contract law rules would cause unfair results.